Saturday, February 23, 2019
Why Are Experiences of Stillness and Reflection (Meditation) Important to Buddhism?
Why argon develops of stillness and reflection ( conjecture) important to Buddhism? Meditation is a intellectual and physical course of action that a mortal uses to sever themselves from their plans and feelings in cast to become amply aware. It plays a conk pop in virtu all toldy all religions although some dont use the word supposition to describe their finicky meditative or reflective practice. Meditation does not al counselings suck a religious element. It is a natural representative of the human down and is increasingly utilise as a therapy for promoting good health and boosting the repellent system.Anyone who has tanged at a sunset or a beautiful scene and felt calm and inner joy, while their legal opinion becomes clear and their lore sharpens, has had a taste of the realm of hypothesis. Successful hypothesis inwardness exclusively organism not judging, not thinking, just being aware, at repose and living each(prenominal) moment as it unfolds. In Bud dhism the psyche meditating is not trying to get into a hypnotic state or take on angels or both other supernatural entity. Meditation involves the body and the head word.For Buddhistics this is particularly important as they want to avoid what they call duality and so their bureau of meditating must involve the body and the estimation as a adept entity. In the most general definition, hypothesis is a way of pickings control of the sound judgement so that it becomes peaceful and center oned, and the meditator becomes much aware. The purpose of meditation is to s overhaul the take heed rushing some in an aimless (or pull down a purposeful) stream of thoughts. People a lot say that the aim of meditation is to still the chief. There are a number of methods of meditating methods which pay heed been used for a hanker time and suck in been shown to work.People can debate on their own or in aggroups. Meditating in a group perhaps at a retreat called a sesshin or in a meditation mode or zendo has the benefit of reminding a mortal that they are both part of a larger Buddhist community, and part of the larger community of beings of all(prenominal) species. Meditation in Buddhism is a public figure of Bhavana, or self-development. The origins of Bhavana go back to ancient Indian spiritual exercises called Yoga. Hindu Yoga consists of 8 stages 1,2 Making a conscious effort not to malign others and to establish good relations with them. ,4 session postures and control of the breath. 5 Withdrawing the mind from external things and tone inwards. 6 Fixing the mind on a single determination or thought. 7,8 Meditation, allowing the mind to rise above ordinary though and be directly aware of reality. These were taken up and highly-developed by the Buddha. What Buddhists do when they meditate or worship may look very similar to the Hindu religion, however Buddhists do it in order to richen the particular Buddhist view of life. There are deu ce kinds of meditation Samatha and Vipassana meditation.Samatha meditation is translated as calm meditation or quiet meditation etc. Samatha meditation helps to control the mind and to become calm, so that the mind is focused upon a simple target area or idea. For example, if we have tendencies towards rapacity and selfishness we might take death as the idea to focus upon for meditation. We thus begin to see that everyone must die whatever they may be or do in their life. We will cons straight that greed is futile in the face of death and knowing this will introduce feelings of calm and dispassion in us.Samatha meditation is practised to attain deep closeness of the mind only. The purpose of Samatha meditation is to revolve almost the mind on this touching sensation or respiration. Whenever the mind goes out, the meditator brings it back on to the object of meditation, that is, the respiration or the touching sensation, be instance he wants to deeply concentrate the mind on a single object of meditation. When the mind goes out in Samatha meditation it must be brought back to the primary object, focusing the mind on the respiration. The Samatha meditator must not find the vagabondage thought or thinking mind.He need not sack up any wittiness or physicality. What he needs to do is attain deep assiduousness of mind on a single object, focusing the mind attentively, noting the in- and out- external respiration. When the Samatha meditator attains to price of admission concentration or to absorption concentration, when his mind is totally cloaked into the object of meditation, there is no amiable defilement in that concentrated mind. At that time the concentrated mind is purified from hindrances. This is called purification of mind because there is no greed, hatred, ignorance, conceit, jealousy and so on.So the meditator feels peaceful and happy. That is the benefit of Samatha meditation just when the mind is disengaged from the object of meditati on, the concentration is also broken and the mind goes to some(prenominal) incompatible objects. consequently many thoughts come into the mind. When the mind is defiled with greed, peevishness or ignorance the meditator does not feel happy or peaceful. He has suffering. The Samatha meditator enjoys slumber of mind while his mind is deeply concentrated on a single object of meditation. As long as the mind is absorbed in the object, he feels peaceful calm, tranquil and serene.One type of Samatha meditation that is suitable for everyone is where the subject of concentration is our own breath. The concentration of our own breathing includes feeling the air gently filling your lungs and then flowing out through the nostrils. As you concentrate on breathing you come to agnise the value of it because we depend on it for life. Breathing becomes more delicate, and it may plain happen that our breaths appear to stop our thoughts become less and less, and peace and comfort arise within us. Therefore it will bring calmness and a greater awareness of yourself and your physical body.There are many different possibilities of the ways to sit during meditation. The important thing is to feel comfortable and relaxed, simply also to be upright and alert. The classical meditation position is the genus Lotus position. This involves seance cross-legged with the leftover foot on top of the right thigh and the right foot on top of the left thigh. While it helps for the body to be alert, relaxed and stable, meditation is really about the mind and the inner bed. Posture is a support to that but most Buddhist traditions do not regard it as an end in itself.brahman Vihara means Sublime State and by meditating upon the brahmin Viharas a person develops feelings of sock, compassion, joy and peace towards all living things. The four-spot Sublime States are 1. Metta This is usually translated as loving kindness. In meditating upon metta, a person first of all wishes himself or herself well, and then spreads the positive and friendly thoughts outward towards all other beings. 2. Karuna This means active compassion understanding the disposition of suffering and sharing the suffering of others. 3.Mudita This is sym racetracketic joy in which the meditator shares the bliss of all other beings. 4. Upekkha This is a state of peace and serenity, in which, with a well-balanced mind, a person looks on all beings whether friendly or not with the same positive attitude of care and well-wishing. Meditating on the Brahma Viharas may take the fake of a visualisation. In the case of Metta Bhavana, or Meditation on Love, you would visualise the spreading of love from yourself to friends and family, to the community, and further on to the rest of the world.For the Brahma Viharas thought is action meditating on the spreading of love throughout the universe. The effect of meditating off the Brahma Viharas is like ripples on the heighten of water gradually spre ading outwards. Vipassana meditation is keenness meditation, it is realisation, seeing or right understanding. Vipassana meditation refers to a system of mental development that consists of looking inwards, looking at your mind as if you were an away(p) pr until nowtr. In this way the meditator can break through the predictable workings of the mind to see things as they really are.Vipassana meditation is practises to attain some amount of concentration and to realise these third characteristics, therefore removing all thoughts and to experience the ending of suffering. In Vipassana meditation, the purpose is to realise all mental states and physical touches in their true nature. In this concept, their true nature means the threesome characteristics which every mental state and physical process possesses. Any mental state or physical process may be the object of meditation. So the Vipassana meditator must not take only a single object but take many varieties of objects.The Vipa ssana meditation is an important step on the path to enlightenment. In fact, it follows from the seventh step of the Noble Eightfold Path, Right Mindfulness, whereas Samatha relates to the ordinal step, Right Effort. The Vipassana meditator follows the mind and observes it by making mental pedigrees of all the movements and consciousnesss they observe such as the rising and falling movement of the abdomen and the comprehend of a voice or of a distinctive sound. Due to these movements and sense they make posts within their mind, for example, when the abdomen rises the meditatior observes it, making a mental note rising.When the abdomen falls, the mediator observes it, making a mental note falling. The meditator does this for every movement for the abdomen and makes mental notes such as these for everything he observes. The meditator observes and follows the mind because the purpose of insight meditation is to realise the characteristics of any mental state or physical process. Therefore to realise the three characteristics of a wandering mind, but the meditator has to observe it as it is, making a mental note as wandering, wandering, thinking, thinking and so on until that thought has disappeared. further later it has disappeared should he return to the primary object, noting as usual. However, the Vipassana meditator needs to realise impermanence, suffering and the impersonal nature of the wandering, thinking mind. He must observe the wandering thoughts, the thinking mind as it really occurs, noting wandering, wandering, thinking, thinking, imagining, imagining. When you note these thoughts, your noting mind should be more attentive, more energetic and somewhat quick, so that it becomes more and more powerful, more so than the thinking process or the wandering process.When the noting mind becomes sharper, quicker and more powerful, it overwhelms the thinking mind or the thought process, which then stops in a short time. When the noting mind is weak, th en it is overwhelmed by the wandering mind. The noting mind is dragged along by the thinking process the thought process goes on and on and the meditator cant concentrate well. So to make the noting mind stronger, sharper and more powerful, the meditator notes the wandering, thinking mind more attentively, energetically and quickly. Then the thinking process stops and at that time the meditator notices thought doesnt last long.It arises and passes off. So here the arising and passing away of the thought is vaguely realised as impermanent, though not understandably realised. When concentration becomes deeper and deeper, the meditator comes to realise that these individual thoughts arise and pass away, one after another. A series of thoughts arises and passes away. Unless concentration is deep enough, the meditator is not able to realise it. The purpose is to realise these thoughts and their three characteristics. So, whatever thought arises in posing or walking, the meditator must n ote them attentively, energetically and more quickly.When thoughts are storied they become less and less, and concentration becomes deeper and deeper. If the thoughts are not noted, they increase and sometimes they persist a very long time. Then concentration is weak. In Vipassana meditation, the meditator concentrates the mind to a certain extent on many mental states or physical processes. Then he realises the true nature of mentality and physicality, their impermanent, suffering and impersonal nature. His mind is purified at that moment because he realises these three characteristics of mental states and physical processes.He realises it, not through theoretical acquaintance, not through learning scriptures but through his own personal experience of mental and physical experience, and this experience of the three characteristics is very deep and profound. This experience remains in the mind all the time though this insight knowledge of the three characteristics is also imperman ent, suffering and impersonal. It occurs and passes away. The force of this insight knowledge remains in the thought process, in the process of consciousness, which continues for life.Therefore even though the meditator leaves the meditation centre and goes home or back to work, he may sometimes recollect his meditative experiences of these three characteristics, and they appear in his mind as if he is realising them at that moment. Then the mind is purified and he feels peaceful and tranquil. The benefit of Vipassana meditation is not only in sitting but also in the whole life and the next life. Therefore it helps the mind to be purified at any time. Thats why the Vipassana meditator lives for peace to a certain extent.If he has deliver the goods any stage of enlightenment, the first stage, the min stage, the third stage or the fourth stage of enlightenment, if he has attained in any of these four, his mind is purer because some of the mental corruption have been uprooted by the path knowledge. He has lost some of the mental corruptions which cause suffering and he can live in peace and gladness to a certain extent. However, if he is able to attain all the four kinds of enlightenment, his mind is completely purified all the time and liberated from all kinds of mental corruptions.He will then live peacefully and happily. battery-acid is about living in the present with complete awareness. The word Zen is the Nipponese equivalent of the Chinese Chan, meaning meditation. However, we have seen that many different schools of Buddhism pose great emphasis on meditation as a means to enlightenment. All schools believe that all lot have the ability to be enlightened, just as all people have the ability to be angry or sad. Zen therefore says that enlightenment exists within all human beings all the time. The aim of Zen practice is to become aware of ones own enlightenment.This is called Satori. One important aspect of meditation is that it enables us to sit still and do nothing. It is said that the aim of Zen is not to aim. The meditation practice of Zen is called Za-zen, or sitting Zen. Sitting in the lotus position is very important, for it allows the meditator to breathe easily and slowly. He will put his hands into the dhyana-mudra and keep his eyes open. This makes them become fully in touch with the true nature of reality. Different schools of Zen do Za-zen in different ways Soto meditators face a wall, Rinzai meditators sit in a circle facing each other.Zen considers there to be five kinds of meditative practices which go deeper and deeper. 1. Bompu is a very superficial form of meditation. Bompu means ordinary. 2. Gedo refers especially to meditative practices of other religions. These practices may be useful, but do not lead to enlightenment. The word gedo means outside way. 3. Shojo refers to Theravada meditation. Mahayana Buddhists often call Theravada Hinayana or small vehicle because they do not consider it to be capable of lea ding all people to enlightenment. Shojo is used for the same reason. 4.Daijo is Japanese for Mahayana, or great vehicle, and refers to meditation which leads to enlightenment. 5. Saijojo is the purest form of daijo, the highest form of meditation. A Zen practitioner tries to experience each moment directly. They dont let thoughts, memories, fears or hopes get in the way. They practice being aware of everything they see, hear, feel, taste, and smell. For example when they eat they focus totally on the nourishment and on the act of eating and prevent any thoughts in their mind. In Zen Buddhism the purpose of meditation is to stop the mind rushing about in an aimless (or even a purposeful) stream of thoughts.People often say that the aim of meditation is to still the mind. Zen Buddhism offers a number of methods of meditation to people methods which have been used for a long time, and which have been shown to work. Zen Buddhists can meditate on their own or in groups. Meditating in a group perhaps at a retreat called a sesshin or in a meditation room or zendo has the benefit of reminding a person that they are both part of a larger Buddhist community, and part of the larger community of beings of every species.